計畫相關標準觀察與分析:以生物多樣性為例

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動物標本相關Metadata 標準

資訊交換標準/資訊模式

A. ASC (Association of Systematics Collections)Reference Model for Biological Collections

http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/lex/datamodl.html

http://gizmo.lbl.gov/DM_TOOLS/OPM/BCSL/LIB/ASC.html

B. CDEFD Information Model for Biological Collections

http://userpage.zedat.fu-berlin.de/~wgb/CDEFD/appendix.htm/

C. DELTA (Description Language for TAxonomy)

http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/

D. The NBN data model and its implementation in Recorder 2000. Environmental Information Management

http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/biodivinf/docs/archive/Copp_C_2000_-_NBN_Data_Model.pdf

E. SDTS Spatial Data Transfer Standard

F. ADL (2000): ADL Gazetteer Content Standard. Alexandra Digital Library

http://alexandria.sdc.ucsb.edu/gazetteer//gaz_content_standard.html

G. XDF Language for the Definition and Exchange of Biological Data Sets

(Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)

F. Directory Interchange Format (DIF)


Metadata 格式

A. ABCD Schema (Access to Biological Collection Data Schema)

http://www.bgbm.org/TDWG/CODATA/

B. Da rwin Core (DwC) (Species Analyst 2001)

http://darwincore.calacademy.org/

C. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

http://dublincore.org/

http://www.cimi.org/old_site/documents/meta_bestprac_v1_1_210400.pdf

D. FGDC Biological Metadata Profile

http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/status/sub5_2.html

目前由美國國家生物資訊基礎建設(NBII)指定使用,係根據FGDC 標準 再延伸關於生物資訊的分類與命名等屬性資訊之Metadata 格式。

E. UCMP (University of California Museum of Paleontology) Data Model (UCMP1994)


分類資訊標準

A. TDWG Taxonomic Database Working Group

B. TLR Type and Lectotypification Registers (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)

C. Species 2000 Standard Data

http://www.sp2000.org/Standarddata.html

旨在建立全世界已知物種(species)的索引,以作為國際生物多樣性的相關 目錄與確認。目前已規範的標準格式包括:

■ 統一名稱(Accepted Scientific Name)【必備】

■ 同義名稱(Synonyms)【必備】

■ 俗名(Common names)【非必備】

■ 最新觀察者(Latest taxonomic scrutiny)【非必備】

■ 資料庫來源(Source database)【必備】

■ 備註(Optional / comment field)【非必備】

■ 科名(Family)【非必備】

D. Index to Organism Names(Maintained by BIOSIS)

E. Integrated Taxonomic Information System(ITIS)


命名資訊標準

ITRF International Earth Rotation Service Terrestrial Reference Frame MFN Minimal Functional Nomenclator, also known as: DSTI Database Standards for Taxonomic Information (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)


植物標本相關Metadata 標準

資訊交換標準╱資訊模式

A. HISPID (Herbarium Information Standards and Protocols for Interchange of Data)

http://www.rbgsyd.gov.au/HISCOM/HISPID/HISPID3/h3.html

B. ASC (Association of Systematics Collections) Reference Model for Biological Collections

http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/lex/datamodl.html

http://gizmo.lbl.gov/DM_TOOLS/OPM/BCSL/LIB/ASC.html

C. DELTA (Description Language for TAxonomy)

http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/

D. Flora of Texas Consortium (1997): Data Specification, Common data exchange format - Core Data

http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/ftc/ftcffld4.htm

E. The NBN data model and its implementation in Recorder 2000. Environmental Information Management

http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/biodivinf/docs/archive/Copp_C_2000_-_NBN_Data_Model.pdf

F. ITF International Transfer Format for Botanic Gardens Plant Records ITFBGPR (Botanic Gardens Conservation International - BGCI)

G. SDTS Spatial Data Transfer Standard

H. ADL (2000): ADL Gazetteer Content Standard. Alexandra Digital Library

http://alexandria.sdc.ucsb.edu/gazetteer//gaz_content_standard.html

I. XDF Language for the Definition and Exchange of Biological Data Sets (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)

J. BarCode Technology for Herbarium and Museum Biological Collections (Conn 1997)


Metadata 格式

A. ABCD Schema (Access to Biological Collection Data)

http://www.bgbm.org/TDWG/CODATA/

B. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

http://dublincore.org/

http://www.cimi.org/old_site/documents/meta_bestprac_v1_1_210400.pdf

C. Darwin Core (DwC) (Species Analyst 2001)

http://darwincore.calacademy.org/

D. FGDC Biological Metadata Profile

http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/status/sub5_2.html

E. FGDC Vegetation Classification and Information Standards

http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/status/sub2_1.html

F. Plant Names in Botanical Databases (Bisby 1994)

http://www.tdwg.org/plants.html

G. UCMP (University of California Museum of Paleontology) Data Model (UCMP 1994)


分類資訊標準

A. ABIS Australian Biotaxonomic/Biogeographic Information System (Australian Biological Resources Study - ABRS)

B. PECS Plant Existence and Categorisation Scheme, also known as: POSS Plant Occurrence and Status Scheme (World Conservation Monitoring Centre - WCMC Threatened Plants Unit - TPU)

C. TDWG Taxonomic Database Working Group

D. TLR Type and Lectotypification Registers (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)

E. WGSUB World Geographical System for Use in Botany (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)

http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/TDWG/geo/default.htm

F. Species 2000 Standard Data

http://www.sp2000.org/Standarddata.html


命名資訊標準

A. ICBN International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (International Association of Plant Taxonomists - IAPT)

B. ITRF International Earth Rotation Service Terrestrial Reference Frame MFN Minimal Functional Nomenclator, also known as: DSTI Database Standards for Taxonomic Information (Taxonomic Database Working Group - TDWG)


字彙╱權威控制標準

A. POSS (Plant Occurrence & Status Scheme)

http://rbge-sun1.rbge.org.uk/BG-BASE/poss.htm (Leon et al., 1995)

B. World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (Hollis & Brummit 1992)

C. Authors of Plant Names (Brummit & Powell 1992)


參考資料

參與研發單位:中央研究院-計算中心-後設資料工作組、中央研究院-生物多樣性研究中心(動物)、中央研究院-生物多樣性研究中心(植物 )

提供單位:中央研究院-計算中心-後設資料工作組

使用單位:中央研究院-生物多樣性研究中心(動物)、中央研究院-生物多樣性研究中心(植物 )